silicone hydrogel

Silicone Hydrogel Contact Lenses: Benefits, Features, and Considerations

Estimated Reading Time: 5 minutes

Silicone hydrogel contact lenses have revolutionized the world of vision correction, offering improved comfort and eye health compared to traditional hydrogel lenses. This article explores the benefits, features, and considerations of silicone hydrogel contact lenses, helping you understand why they might be the ideal choice for your vision needs.

silicone hydrogel contact lenses, vision correction, contact lens benefits, eye health, contact lens features, silicone hydrogel technology

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Understanding Silicone Hydrogel Contact Lenses

What Are Silicone Hydrogel Contact Lenses?

Silicone hydrogel contact lenses are made from a unique material that combines silicone and hydrogel. This advanced material allows more oxygen to pass through the lens to the cornea compared to traditional hydrogel lenses, significantly enhancing comfort and maintaining better eye health.

How it Works

Oxygen Permeability

The silicone component in these lenses increases oxygen permeability, which is crucial for maintaining healthy corneal cells and preventing complications associated with low oxygen levels, such as corneal hypoxia.

Hydrophilic Properties

The hydrogel component ensures the lenses retain moisture, providing comfort and reducing dryness. This balance between oxygen permeability and moisture retention makes silicone hydrogel lenses a popular choice for many contact lens wearers.

Benefits of Silicone Hydrogel Contact Lenses

Enhanced Comfort

High Oxygen Transmission

One of the primary benefits of silicone hydrogel contact lenses is their high oxygen transmission. These lenses allow up to five times more oxygen to reach the cornea compared to traditional hydrogel lenses, reducing dryness and discomfort, especially during prolonged wear.

Moisture Retention

Silicone hydrogel lenses are designed to retain moisture, which helps keep your eyes hydrated throughout the day. This is particularly beneficial for individuals with dry or sensitive eyes.

Better Eye Health

Reduced Risk of Hypoxia

By allowing more oxygen to reach the cornea, silicone hydrogel lenses significantly reduce the risk of hypoxia, which can cause redness, swelling, and other eye health issues.

Lower Risk of Infections

The improved oxygen permeability and moisture retention properties of silicone hydrogel lenses also reduce the risk of infections and other complications associated with contact lens wear.

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Extended Wear Options


Many silicone hydrogel lenses are approved for extended wear, meaning they can be worn continuously for up to seven days and nights or even up to 30 days, depending on the specific product and your eye care professional’s recommendations. This flexibility offers convenience for users who prefer not to remove their lenses daily.


Extended wear lenses are particularly convenient for those with busy lifestyles or irregular schedules, providing clear vision without the need for daily lens care.

Features of Silicone Hydrogel Contact Lenses

Advanced Materials

Silicone and Hydrogel

The combination of silicone and hydrogel in these lenses provides a balance of oxygen permeability and moisture retention, ensuring both comfort and eye health.


The high oxygen permeability of silicone hydrogel lenses makes them highly breathable, promoting healthy eyes and reducing the risk of complications.

Lens Designs

Spherical Lenses

Spherical silicone hydrogel lenses are designed to correct common refractive errors like myopia (nearsightedness) and hyperopia (farsightedness).

Toric Lenses

Toric silicone hydrogel lenses are specially designed to correct astigmatism. These lenses have different curvatures in different meridians, providing clear vision by compensating for the irregular shape of the cornea.

Multifocal Lenses

Multifocal silicone hydrogel lenses are designed for individuals with presbyopia. These lenses have multiple prescription zones, allowing for clear vision at varying distances.

UV Protection

UV Blocking

Many silicone hydrogel lenses offer UV protection, blocking harmful UVA and UVB rays. This additional feature helps protect your eyes from the long-term effects of UV exposure, such as cataracts and macular degeneration.

eye contact lens

Considerations When Using Silicone Hydrogel Contact Lenses

Proper Lens Care

Cleaning and Disinfecting

Even though silicone hydrogel lenses are designed for extended wear, it is essential to follow proper cleaning and disinfecting routines if you wear daily or bi-weekly lenses. Use the recommended contact lens solution and follow your eye care professional’s instructions to maintain lens hygiene.


For lenses that are not disposed of daily, ensure proper storage in a clean lens case with fresh solution. Replace the lens case regularly to prevent contamination.

Regular Eye Exams

Monitoring Eye Health

Regular eye exams are crucial to ensure that your silicone hydrogel lenses fit properly and your prescription is up-to-date. These exams also allow your eye care professional to monitor your eye health and detect any potential issues early.

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Addressing Discomfort

If you experience any discomfort, redness, or changes in vision while wearing your silicone hydrogel lenses, consult your eye care professional promptly. Early intervention can prevent more serious problems.

Potential Disadvantages


Silicone hydrogel lenses are generally more expensive than traditional hydrogel lenses due to their advanced materials and benefits. However, many users find that the enhanced comfort and eye health benefits justify the higher cost.

Adaptation Period

Some users may experience an adaptation period when switching to silicone hydrogel lenses. This can include mild discomfort or difficulty adjusting to the new lenses. Most users find that these issues resolve quickly as their eyes adapt to the lenses.

Acuvue Oasys


Acuvue Oasys lenses are known for their comfort and Hydraclear Plus technology, which helps maintain moisture and reduces dryness.


  • High oxygen permeability
  • UV protection
  • Suitable for extended wear
cl, optics, optometry, silicone hydrogel contact lenses

Air Optix Aqua


Air Optix Aqua lenses feature SmartShield technology, which helps protect against deposits and enhances durability.


  • High breathability
  • Moisture retention
  • Available in various designs, including toric and multifocal



Biofinity lenses offer Aquaform Technology, which provides a naturally hydrophilic lens material that retains moisture.


  • Long-lasting comfort
  • High oxygen transmission
  • Suitable for extended wear


Silicone hydrogel contact lenses offer numerous benefits, including enhanced comfort, better eye health, and flexibility for extended wear. Their advanced materials and designs provide high oxygen permeability and moisture retention, making them an excellent choice for many contact lens wearers. By following proper lens care practices and consulting with your eye care professional, you can enjoy the benefits of silicone hydrogel lenses and maintain optimal eye health.

For more information on silicone hydrogel contact lenses, consult with your eye care professional or visit reputable websites of popular brands like Acuvue, Air Optix, and Biofinity.

For more information on contact lenses: American Optometric Association

Discover advanced contact lens options at: Eye Clinic Vienna

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